Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology Transition
Transition plans for students who use assistive technology address the ways the student’s use of assistive technology devices and services are transferred from one setting to another. Assistive technology transition involves people from different classrooms, programs, buildings, or agencies working together to ensure continuity. Self-advocacy, advocacy and implementation are critical issues for transition planning.
1. Transition plans address assistive technology needs of the student, including roles and training needs of team members, subsequent steps in assistive technology use, and follow-up after transition takes place.
Intent: The comprehensive transition plan required by IDEA assists the receiving agency/team to successfully provide needed supports for the AT user. This involves the assignment of responsibilities and the establishment of accountability.
2. Transition planning empowers the student using assistive technology to participate in the transition planning at a level appropriate to age and ability.
Intent: Specific self-determination skills are taught that enable the student to gradually assume responsibility for participation and leadership in AT transition planning as capacity develops. AT tools are provided, as needed, to support the student’s participation.
3. Advocacy related to assistive technology use is recognized as critical and planned for by the teams involved in transition.
Intent: Everyone involved in transition advocates for the student’s progress, including the student’s use of AT. Specific advocacy tasks related to AT use are addressed and may be carried out by the student, the family, staff members or a representative.
4. AT requirements in the receiving environment are identified during the transition planning process.
Intent: Environmental requirements, skill demands and needed AT support are determined in order to plan appropriately. This determination is made collaboratively and with active participation by representatives from sending and receiving environments.
5. Transition planning for students using assistive technology proceeds according to an individualized timeline.
Intent: Transition planning timelines are adjusted based on specific needs of the student and differences in environments. Timelines address well mapped action steps with specific target dates and ongoing opportunities for reassessment.
6. Transition plans address specific equipment, training and funding issues such as transfer or acquisition of assistive technology, manuals and support documents.
Intent: A plan is developed to ensure that the AT equipment, hardware, and/or software arrives in working condition accompanied by any needed manuals. Provisions for ongoing maintenance and technical support are included in the plan.
- Lack of self-determination, self-awareness and self-advocacy on part of the individual with a disability (and/or advocate).
- Lack of adequate long range planning on part of sending and receiving agencies (timelines).
- Inadequate communication and coordination.
- Failure to address funding responsibility.
- Inadequate evaluation (documentation, data, communication, valued across settings) process.
- Philosophical differences between sending and receiving agencies.7. Lack of understanding of the law and of their responsibilities.